Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease

Periodontal or gum disease is an inflammatory condition that affects the tissues of the gums and bones that surround the teeth. The periodontal disease comes commonly in the form of Gingivitis and Periodontitis. 


Any sign of gum inflammation experienced in the gum line is known as gingivitis. It is commonly prevalent among adults and children. Sign and symptoms of gingivitis are characterized by redness in the gingival margin, swelling, and bursting of gum tissue while brushing. Gingivitis is of both acute and chronic type. Minor stages of the disease begin with infections and trauma.

Chronic stage of the same begins with the formation of a bacterial biofilm that covers both teeth and gums. However, before the condition progresses, it is always possible to reverse it by following effective oral hygiene. Patients are advised to start early dental checkups without neglecting obvious signs of the same. Early intervention is always advised as progressive stages of gingivitis can lead it to periodontitis.


Periodontitis is a condition that affects the enamel, supporting bones and tissues, of the mouth leading to gum pocket formation or spacing between tooth and gums. Such a condition can lead to loss of teeth and disintegration of gum tissues. Its rate of progress would depend on the strength of the bacterial attack and the patient's immune response. There are other factors that contribute to periodontal diseases such as acute smoking and diabetes. Diet and improper oral hygiene are also responsible for the same.

Some of the other striking factors that lead to periodontal disease are:

  • Misaligned or crowded teeth
  • Teeth grinding/clenching of teeth
  • Poor nutrition
  • Irregular oral hygiene practices

What are the ways to avoid gum disease?

Gum disease is a progressive inflammatory condition of the tissues of the gums. It is capable of affecting the bones and surrounding structures of the teeth.

As we understand this, there are ways by which you can avoid the disease such as:

  • Practicing regular brushing and flossing
  • Using an antibacterial toothpaste or mouth rinse after meals
  • Visiting your dentist once every six months can help to a great extent as the dentist/dental hygienist would conduct thorough exams and cleaning session to keep you away from tartar formation and plaque.

To understand more about the treatment options, we request to place an appointment with us at Everyone’s Family Dental today.